Bushes. I … The optimum daytime temperature for a ficus is 75 degrees Fahrenheit, but they do well in a range between 65 and 85 F. Temperatures over 85 F cause rapid moisture evaporation, which leads to leaf wilt and drought damage. If the tree is container-grown, it is not necessary to prune it after planting. The tree can suffer foliage damage and … • Drought Tolerant and Pest Resistant • Produces a Large Crop Every Year! Planting Fig Trees. Succulent Figs that Can Withstand Freezing Temperatures! How To Stop A Fig Tree From Growing Tall - I would like my fig trees to stop growing tall with a thin stem. However, a hard frost or freeze can kill the potted ficus if left outdoors unprotected. Ficus trees grow well in frost-free areas. Grows well in containers! Ficus (Ficus benjamina) is a popular potted plant used indoors and outside, and is a member of the Ficus genus, which contains around 750 different species of vines, trees and shrubs, according to North Carolina State University. Fig trees need winter protection in areas where the temperatures will drop below 25 degrees F. (-3 C.). To-day, California accounts for nearly all fig production in North America. Tolerance to low temperatures; typically tolerant to temperatures about −20° C. Plants of the new Fig tree can be compared to plants of the nonpatented Ficus carica cultivar Pfalzer Feige. Black mission figs grow and ripen during the late summer and early fall. Straw mulches placed well over the base of the tree will help to insulate the tree during freezes and help prevent killing the crown of the tree (Figure 5). Insulate the pot by using packing peanuts or foam to line the inner walls before you plant the ficus. Although Ficus carica L. (fig) is one of the most resistant fruit tree species to salinity, no comprehensive studies are currently available on its molecular responses to salinity. May yield 2 distinct crops in locations with a long, warm growing season. The lights will add additional warmth to the tree and reduce possible damage due to the cold temperatures, especially if you pair it with other protection methods. Optimum night temperatures are between 65 and 75 F, or about 10 degrees lower than the daytime temperatures for the plant. Harrington's specialties include small business information, crafting, decorating and gardening. If you’re leaving the potted ficus outdoors, make sure to thoroughly water the soil before the cold snap arrives. Last winter, the temperature around his buried fig tree dropped to 2°C (36°F), while outside, the air temperature dropped as low as -36°C (-33°F). The weeping ficus’ temperature tolerance is 30 degrees Fahrenheit, according to Arizona State University. Unfortunately, the best light is generally found where all the drafts are: in front of big porch doors or next to windows. What Is the Right Fertilizer for Potted Ficus? When grown outdoors in frost-free climates within its hardiness range, the ficus can grow up to 50 feet tall with a width of about half that. The weeping ficus’ temperature tolerance is 30 degrees Fahrenheit, according to Arizona State University. Figs came to Mexico, South Carolina and Florida in the 1500s, and figs came to Virginia from Bermuda around 1620. It may tolerate temperatures that dip near 40 degrees Fahrenheit, but once temperatures drop below this, the potential for tree damage increases. Plant a fig tree 1 to 2 inches deeper than it was in the nursery. Native to subtropical and tropical regions of northern Australia and Asia and growing in USDA hardiness zones 9 to 11, Ficus cannot withstand freezing temperatures. If the ficus does suffer winter damage, it’s best to wait until spring and new growth before pruning off damaged sections. • Grow Figs almost Anywhere in the US! The trees do best with nighttime temperatures between 65 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit and daytime temperatures between 75 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Q. Jenny Harrington has been a freelance writer since 2006. How much chilling is … Varieties include the fruit-producing fig, the houseplant Ficus benjamina, and the rubber plant. If the tree is large and the pot heavy to move, place it on a plant cart with rolling casters. A layer of mulch on top of the pot’s soil also helps it retain warmth and protects the root system. • Withstands temperatures as low as -10 degrees! A fully dormant fig tree can withstand temperatures as low as 10 degrees F. In North Texas, plant figs along the south side of a building to help reduce freeze damage. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. In the summertime, do not use heavy air conditioning, since weeping figs will suffer if the indoor temperature drops below 70 degrees. Q. Since figs thrive in warm regions, long periods of cold weather limit growth, ergo fruit set and production, and a lengthy freeze will kill them. Ficus benjamina, commonly called weeping fig, is an evergreen tree with branches having a weeping nature, thus its common name. The fiddle-leaf fig doesn't like any changes in its placement, and it also doesn't like changes in the room temperature. Outdoor ficus trees tolerate colder temperatures as long as there is no tender new growth on the tree. This chilling requirement is met when the trees are exposed to temperatures above 32°F, up to about 65°F. Ficus trees are warm-weather, tropical trees. For 20 years, she’s owned a garden center and landscaping/consulting business and holds numerous horticulture certificates. However, if bringing the ficus indoors isn’t an option, mulch it, wrap it or use other methods to protect it during the cold snap. Temperatures should be no cooler than 50 degrees at night and generally no hotter than 95 or so during the day. She’s covered numerous DIY home topics and has hundreds of articles published on gardening topics. By creating an account you agree to the Hunker, Cornell Cooperative Extension: Growing Conditions for Indoor Plants. Some areas may look dead, but sprout new growth once warm temperatures resume. In zones where winter temperatures get colder than 10°F (-12°C) for periods of time, figs are best grown in containers and kept inside for the winter. Young plants are injured by higher freezing temperatures … Figs can be planted outdoors in Zone 8 and warmer. Ficus trees require lower nighttime temperatures. The temperature providing maximum chilling is about 47⁰F and temperatures that are higher or lower contribute less to the chilling requirement. If freezing weather is predicted in your area, the easiest way to guarantee that your potted ficus doesn’t suffer damage is to bring the tree indoors until warm temperatures return. A fully dormant tree can withstand temperatures as low as 10 degrees F with only one-year-old wood sustaining injury. However, when grow in pots, Ficus benjamina usually maintains a mature height of around 10 feet tall, according to Missouri Botanical Garden. Young Fig Trees - What is the temperature tolerance for young fig trees? The other is fig tree winter storage for trees in … Can I chop the tops off ... Q. Pruning Established Fig Tree - My fig tree is approximately 10 feet tall. North Carolina State University: Ficus L. (Moraceae), Missouri Botanical Garden: Ficus benjamina, Arizona State University: Ficus benjamina, Wilson Bros Gardens: How To Keep Outdoor Potted Plants From Freezing During Winter. Joyce Starr has been a professional writer and editor for over 15 years, specializing in the topics of horticulture and home improvement. Her published articles have appeared in various print and online publications. If your Fiddle Leaf Fig normally lives outdoors and you live in a place that gets cooler than 55F (12C) at night, it’s best that it comes indoors to get out of the cold. Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree, as another plant of the tropical regions, is cold intolerance. The Fiddle Leaf Fig enjoys warmer temperatures, but it adapts easily to your home or office climate. Newer Post Burying Fig Trees for Winter How Big Should Your Pot Be for Your Phalaenopsis? Most figs only grow in growing zones 7-9, but this one can tolerate temperatures from zones 6-10. Heat vents also dry out the foliage and soil, which can damage the ficus. Ficus trees are most prone to frost damage during the spring when they begin to leave dormancy and actively grow again. Bringing Your Fiddle Leaf Fig Inside When Temperatures Cool Down. Best Cold Hardy Fig Trees. Self-pollinating. Among the hardiest of fig trees, this one will withstand Zone 6 winters, and maybe even Zone 5, if planted in a sheltered location. Trees. The tree can suffer foliage damage and branch dieback if temperatures briefly dip, but it usually recovers quickly. Fruit is delicious fresh and in preserves. Can You Save Your Orange Trees When a Freeze Comes? Instead, grow your figs in containers and bring them indoors for winter. Late-season frost kills the tender new growth and may severely damage the tree. Texas Everbearing Fig, Abique Noire Fig, Negro Largo Fig, San Piero Fig, Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey' Brown Turkey is the ultimate Southern fig producing large crops of medium to large, brown to maroon, turbinate figs over a long season that begins in June. Sometimes they’ll even survive the chilly climate of zone 5. The ficus tree prefers and average temperature of 65 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit, making it a great container plant for outdoor patios. The plant will tolerate normal indoor temperatures just fine, but will falter if exposed to cold drafts. But keep in mind that fiddle leaf figs are great at adapting to their environments! If you're lucky enough to provide … © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Avoid pruning or applying fertilizer to the ficus in late fall or early winter, as these activities can cause a flush of new growth that is especially susceptible to cold injury. Add additional warmth to the ficus’ foliage and branches by stringing holiday lights throughout the canopy. The right temperature for your fiddle-leaf fig. Heat-tolerant. The first is fig tree winter protection for fig trees in the ground. Ripens in June. While ficus trees are tropical and subtropical, they are relatively frost tolerant while they are dormant in winter. FLFs are tropical plants that don’t do well in cold conditions. The soil close to the foundation stays a bit warmer. Make sure yours stays in a temperature-controlled environment between 60 and 75 degrees throughout the year. Wrap the entire pot in something like bubble wrap or a blanket to help contain the heat and insulate the root ball, recommends Wilson Brothers Gardens. Never try to grow figs in the ground north of zone 6, and even there, plant the most cold-tolerant cultivars. Brown Turkey Fig, a.k.a. Whether you grow ficus trees in the landscape or in the home, providing the right temperature is vital to prevent damage and ensure good, healthy growth on the tree. Bernie uses a max-min thermometer to track temperatures. They can withstand short periods of below-freezing temperatures, down to 10 F, but they suffer damage at temperatures that plunge lower than that. Needs minimal pruning. However, if you wrap the ficus in plastic, be sure to take the plastic off during the day so the foliage doesn’t become burned. This helps insulate the ficus roots and keep them warm. “The best temperature range for dormant fig trees is 30F-40F (-1C to 4.5C),below these temps Breda and branches can be damaged,above these temperatures trees will break dormancy”. Place the plants that are hardier to cold temperatures on the outside, with the ficus in the center. How to Prune Musa Basjoo in the Autumn & Winter. The optimum daytime temperature for a ficus is 75 degrees Fahrenheit, but they do well in a range between 65 and 85 F. Temperatures over 85 F cause rapid moisture evaporation, which leads to leaf wilt and drought damage. Do yourself a favor and seal up drafty areas before situating your fig. The moist soil actually insulates the root system and helps keep it warm, reducing damage. However, it will not tolerate cold drafts so make sure you seal up drafty areas before situating your fig. fig’s native regions are today’s leading production ar-eas. The Chicago Hardy Fig Tree is similar to the Brown Turkey Fig but better. Temperatures of -10 to -20 degrees F. (-23 to -26 C.) will definitely kill the fig tree. New growth in the spring will often still produce a fruit crop, but for reliable fig production, protect the tree in winter. Celeste is a fast growing fig with a shrub like form, reaching 10 to 15 feet tall. But it’s prized for its tolerance to colder conditions. Consider setting your thermostat to regulate temperature fluctuations in your home. Previously, she owned her own business, selling handmade items online, wholesale and at crafts fairs. Native to Spain, the black mission fig tree is one of the most commonly grown fig trees, producing purplish-black, pear shaped fruits with pinkish-red flesh. On the other hand, if it benefits from protection during the first years and succeeds in developing, the fig tree may easily resist temperatures of between -15° and -17°C, and even less for some varieties, when planted in very good locations (-18°C at least). A classic, all-purpose fig. Set fig bushes 4 inches deeper than in the nursery to encourage branching from beneath the soil surface. Of course, you’ll want to make sure your climate is suitable for growing a fiddle leaf fig outdoors. Tree needs protection when temperatures drop below 10ºF. Damage to the ficus tree can occur at 30 to 35 degrees, limiting its outdoor life in the landscape to places with an average winter temperature above 35 degrees Fahrenheit. Its stems are hardy to 10°F and its roots can withstand temperatures down to -20°F. Turkey is the world’s leading fig producer, fol-lowed by Morocco, Algeria and Egypt. Cooler temperatures inhibit growth on the ficus, and may also force the tree into dormancy during the wrong season. Dried figs make tasty snacks all year long. You can protect the foliage and branches from cold temperatures by wrapping the entire plant in a blanket or burlap. Group all your outside containers together around the ficus to help retain warmth. The Chicago hardy fig, also called the Bensonhurst Purple fig, is far from the only cultivar. Indoors, keep the ficus away from heat vents that elevate nighttime temperatures in the area of the plant. In side-by-side comparisons conducted by the Inventor in Haag, Germany, plants of the new Fig tree developed fruit on younger plants and also produced more fruit per plant than plants of the cultivar Pfalzer Feige. It is hardy to 0 degrees, but will freeze back to the ground in colder temperatures. Her work appears in SpaceCoast Living magazine, Atlanta Constitution Journal, SFGate Home Guides, 1-800-Flowers and many more. With high temperatures, Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree’s behavior is excellent as it … After it is set, firm the soil, water lightly, and cut the main stem to 3 feet. While these temperatures are maintained in most homes, ficus trees should be planted outdoors only in mild climates that do not have major temperature fluctuations in the summer or long periods of extremely hot or cold weather. You can also place a smaller pot inside a larger one and fill the void between the two with packing peanuts. The one-year-old wood has relatively little stored material and a rather high freezing point. The minimum temperatures, which are also the lowest tolerance limit, range between 4 and 1.7 °C (40-35 °F). With its graceful form, glossy green foliage and low-maintenance qualities, it’s considered one of the best choices for indoor trees, while making an attractive potted addition for outdoor spaces as well. There are two types of fig wintering that can be done. Care for an Outdoor Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree. 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